Modern Architecture – A Showcase of Outstanding Examples

Modern Architecture was a product of the mid-20th century. Often referred to as ‘Modernism’, the origins of this style have been attributed to three ‘main players’: Le Corbusier (France), Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (Germany) and Walter Gropius (Germany). The American architect Frank Lloyd Wright furthered this style with his prolific designs.

Modern Architecture

The availability of building materials such as iron, steel and glass drove the invention of new building techniques as part of the Industrial Revolution.

In the western world there was a morality issue attached to the construction of modern architecture: humanity’s lot was improved by the mass demolition of slums to make way for clean, modern housing.

Modern architecture is usually characterized by:

  • an adoption of the principle that the materials and functional requirements determine the result
  • an adoption of the machine aesthetic
  • an emphasis of horizontal and vertical lines
  • a creation of ornament using the structure and theme of the building, or a rejection of ornamentation.
  • a simplification of form and elimination of “unnecessary detail”
  • an adoption of expressed structure
  • Form follows function

Here I am showcasing some outstanding modern architecture that can be found throughout the world. The use of metal and glass is, without doubt, the main focus of modernism in architecture.

Outstanding examples of modern architecture

BMW World, Munich

BMW World

Nina Tower and Vision City, Hong Kong

Nina Tower and Vision City

Lippo Plaza, Hong Kong

Lippo Plaza

Darmstadt, Germany


Torre Marenostrum, Barcelona

Torre Marenostrum

High Light Towers, Munich

High Light Towers Munich

Reichstag building, Berlin

Dome of the Reichstag building

Cloud Gate, Chicago

Mercury Rising

Dancing House, Prague

Dancing House Prague

Selfridges, Birmingham

Saint Martins and Selfridges

No 1 shelley street, Sidney

no 1 shelley street kings street wharf

Perbadanan Putrajaya Complex, Putrajaya

Modern Cyclopean

Swiss Re Building (The Gherkin), London

The Gherkin

Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao

Guggenheim at night

City of Arts & Sciences, Valencia

Science and Art

The Burj, Dubai

The Burj

Hungarian National Theatre

Hungarian National Theatre 2

Wheelock Place, Singapore

Wheelock Place

Bahrain Trade Center

Bahrain Trade Center

Triangle office tower, Berlin

Triangle office tower

Church of Brasilia

Church of Brasilia

City Hall, London

City Hall London

The Sands Casino, Macau

The Sands Casino

ING Headquarters, Amsterdam

ING Headquarters Amsterdam

Turning Torso, Malmo

Turning Torso Malmo Sweden

Esplanade Theater, Singapore

Esplanade Theater Singapore

Lloyd’s Building, London, UK

Lloyds Building London

The Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur

The Petronas Towers

In older cities such as London, the modern buildings stand out starkly against the many other styles of architecture. In modern cities and countries such as Singapore, modern architecture blends together to give a totally different overall appearance.

Please add any comments you have on modern architecture, modern cities/countries or older cities.


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1 Comment


about 5 years ago

Wow these buildings look really fabulous!


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