Modern Architecture was a product of the mid-20th century. Often referred to as ‘Modernism’, the origins of this style have been attributed to three ‘main players’: Le Corbusier (France), Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (Germany) and Walter Gropius (Germany). The American architect Frank Lloyd Wright furthered this style with his prolific designs.
The availability of building materials such as iron, steel and glass drove the invention of new building techniques as part of the Industrial Revolution.
In the western world there was a morality issue attached to the construction of modern architecture: humanity’s lot was improved by the mass demolition of slums to make way for clean, modern housing.
Modern architecture is usually characterized by:
- an adoption of the principle that the materials and functional requirements determine the result
- an adoption of the machine aesthetic
- an emphasis of horizontal and vertical lines
- a creation of ornament using the structure and theme of the building, or a rejection of ornamentation.
- a simplification of form and elimination of “unnecessary detail”
- an adoption of expressed structure
- Form follows function
Here I am showcasing some outstanding modern architecture that can be found throughout the world. The use of metal and glass is, without doubt, the main focus of modernism in architecture.
Outstanding examples of modern architecture
BMW World, Munich
Nina Tower and Vision City, Hong Kong
Lippo Plaza, Hong Kong
Torre Marenostrum, Barcelona
High Light Towers, Munich
Reichstag building, Berlin
Cloud Gate, Chicago
Dancing House, Prague
No 1 shelley street, Sidney
Perbadanan Putrajaya Complex, Putrajaya
Swiss Re Building (The Gherkin), London
Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao
City of Arts & Sciences, Valencia
The Burj, Dubai
Hungarian National Theatre
Wheelock Place, Singapore
Bahrain Trade Center
Triangle office tower, Berlin
Church of Brasilia
City Hall, London
The Sands Casino, Macau
ING Headquarters, Amsterdam
Turning Torso, Malmo
Esplanade Theater, Singapore
Lloyd’s Building, London, UK
The Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur
In older cities such as London, the modern buildings stand out starkly against the many other styles of architecture. In modern cities and countries such as Singapore, modern architecture blends together to give a totally different overall appearance.
Please add any comments you have on modern architecture, modern cities/countries or older cities.